Maritime Archaeology Monographs Series (MAMS)
The Maritime Archaeology Program produced the Flinders University Maritime Archaeology Monograph Series (MAMS), previously known as the Maritime Archaeology Monographs and Reports Series (MAMARS), as a way to offer research conducted by students and staff to a broader audience and provide students with an opportunity to publish their work. All MAMS are free and available for download in PDF format below. A limited number of hardcopies are still available and may be requested by contacting Dr Jennifer McKinnon.
Current titles in the MAMS series
The Archaeology of aircraft losses in water in Victoria, Australia, during World War Two
By Julie Ford
pp. ix + 130, contents, 15 tables and 8 figures (maps and photos), references, 2 appendices, abstract, abbreviations.
This study is of 75 aircraft wrecks located in Victorian waters from World War II. Victoria during World War Two was a major training centre for aircraft personnel, and aircraft construction. Bases were setup around Port Phillip Bay , Sale and Bairnsdale to accommodate the large number of training units that was required throughout the war. While it is understood that some training accidents would follow the establishment of these facilities, the number of accidents related to training personnel and the Royal Australian Air Force has never been truly known.
Of the 75 sites, nine are located in Port Phillip Bay, 51 on the east coast of Victoria heading towards the New South Wales border and two on the west coast heading towards the South Australian border. While the wreck sites were not able to be physically located during the course of this study the large number of sites associated in this study is bigger than initially thought that it was going to incorporate.
The results of this research have been the evaluation of the archaeological potential of locating and surveying aircraft in Victoria . The archaeological significance of these sites is that they demonstrate the growth of the aviation industry, and the Royal Australian Air force in Victoria during World War II. The understanding and recognition of these sites as cultural resources is a necessity to ensure their survival. It is hoped that this thesis will shed some light onto a topic which has only briefly touched upon, and that this research will be the starting point of further work on their location and characteristics.
Investigation of a survivors camp from the Sydney Cove shipwreck
By Mike Nash
pp. 73, contents, 13 figures (maps and photos), bibliography.
The excavation of a shipwreck site and its associated survivor camp as part of an extended archaeological project is almost unique in both an Australian and international context. Since the rediscovery of the Sydney Cove shipwreck in Tasmanian waters in 1977 an extended program of survey, excavation and analysis has been carried out. During 2002 the author undertook test excavations at a site on nearby Preservation Island that has been confirmed as a dwelling constructed by the Sydney Cove's crew. A collection of artefact material was recovered including items of the ship's cargo, fittings and equipment, personal articles and foodstuffs. This thesis utilises the archaeological collections from the underwater and terrestrial sites associated with the Sydney Cove, to look at the subject of survivor camps in detail. A comparative model for the development of survivor camps proposed by Dr Martin Gibbs provides the basis for this study.
Understanding the Sleaford Bay tryworks: an interpretive approach to the industrial archaeology of shore based whaling
By Adam Paterson
pp. iv + 104, contents, 28 figures (maps, site photos, plan and profile site diagrams, graphs), 5 appendices, references.
A nice place for a harbour or is it? Investigating a maritime cultural landscape: Port Willunga, South Australia
By Aidan Ash
pp. xii + 85, abstract, contents, 57 figures (maps, photos, drawings), referenecs, appendix, questionnaire.
Seascape and landscape archaeology aims to provide an interpretation of an area using a wide range of information sources to answer questions concerning human behaviour. This study applies theory derived from research into maritime cultural landscapes and seeks to interpret the development and decline of European activity in a 19th century port in South Australia . Wreck sites, pier remains, fishing equipment storage areas, lookouts, sailing directions, hotels, residential buildings, warehouses, historical records, nomenclature and oral history have been used to build an interpretation of the types of infrastructure used at Port Willunga.
An assessment of Australian built wooden sailing vessels (constructed between 1850 - 1899) operating the South Australian intrastate trade: methods and materials
By Rebecca O'Reilly
pp. xi + 116, contents, abstract, 49 figures, 26 photographs, 6 tables, references.
Investigation into the construction of Australian built wooden sailing craft, constructed between 1850-1899, has taken an active role over the past 20 years. However, much of this research has been based on a historical approach rather than an archaeological one. This thesis discusses the combination of historical documentation, archaeological fieldwork and timber analysis to provide an insight to understanding the Australian built coastal traders that operated the intrastate trades throughout Australia .
Wooden sailing vessels in Australia , constructed between 1850-1899 were designed to suit specific tasks and a specific environment. While it is obvious that cultural continuity in ship design and construction was present throughout the colonial shipbuilding period, cultural adaptations were gradually adopted to produce a vessel unique for Australian purposes, being a vessel that could safely operate the intrastate trade. These adopted modifications saw a change in hull design and sail technology.
Unique to the colonial Australian shipbuilding industry was the use of Australian timbers. The study reveals that specific timbers were used for specific tasks in ship construction. When these or other suitable timbers were unavailable, shipwrights obtained them through the timber trades that had established well before the 1880s to manufacture their vessels.
This thesis aims to explain methods of construction, modifications made to traditional constructions and the use of naturally grown resources in the construction of
Australian built wooden sailing craft, built between 1850-1899 that operated the intrastate trade. The ambition of the author is to promote further research into this topic and to provide the reader with an understanding of these important and interesting vessels that helped to shape the nation.
The history and archaeology of Gaultois Shore-based Whaling Station in Newfoundland, Canada
By Mark Staniforth
Historical background and archaeological survey of Balaena, a 20th century Norwegian whaling station in Newfoundland, Canada
By Martin McGonigle and Mark Staniforth
pp. xi + 32 +14, contents, 18 figures and 9 figures (maps and photos), references and bibliography.
This project conducted extensive archival research and a preliminary pre-disturbance survey of the archaeological site of the 19th century shore-based whaling station at Gaultois in Hermitage Bay in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The site is located on Whale (Lamy) Island at the entrance to Gaultois Harbour , approximately 150 m north-east of the public wharf at Gaultois township. Preliminary archival research indicated that this was a successful and long-lasting operation that is potentially directly comparable with whaling operations in the Australian colonies that operated over a similar time period and fits neatly into the comparative phase of the AWSANZ (Archaeology of Whaling in Southern Australia and New Zealand) project.
Convict probation and the evolution of jetties at Cascades, the Coal Mines, Impression Bay and Saltwater River, Tasman Peninsula, Tasmania: an historical perspective
By Rick Bullers
pp. x + 52, contents, references, endnotes, 20 illustrations (tables, maps, drawings).
This paper discusses the changing use of jetties on the Tasman Peninsula, Tasmania, with emphasis on four former convict probation sites. Convicts built jetties to support the vessels that formed the stations' only means of transport and communication. With cessation of convict transportation, and later the closure of penal settlements, the stations became the nuclei for free settlement on the Peninsula. The jetties were upgraded, rebuilt and modified for settlers to transport goods to external markets. A thriving orchard industry was established and the port infrastructure was vital for the economic viability of the new settlements. Technical details on all the jetties are provided.
Quality Assured: Shipbuilding in Colonial South Australia and Tasmania
By Rick Bullers
Bound for South Australia:19th century Van Diemen's Land Whaling Ships and Entrepreneurs
By Kylli Firth
The Last Global Warming? Archaeological Survival in Australian Waters
By David Nutley