We bring our statistical, data and public health capabilities to bear in many areas, all related to injury.
Other activities include teaching, supervision of graduate students, and projects on many other types of injuries, e.g. spinal cord injury, bites and stings, marine safety, consumer product safety and sports safety.
MAIN RESEARCH TOPICS
Falls by older people
Fall-related injuries involving older people are a substantial issue for both policy makers and the community.
Rates of fall-related hospitalisations increase markedly with age. With an ageing population, fall-related injuries are of growing importance to society and a rising cost to the health care sector.
Almost all available evidence shows higher rates of injury among Indigenous Australians than in the general population. Is some cases, the differences are very significant.
Higher rates of injury in Indigenous people are an important contributor to the reduced life expectancy for Indigenous Australians.
Transport injury and transport safety have long been prominent themes in the work of this Centre.
This reflects the fact that, despite the enormous improvements in road safety that have been achieved, road injury remains the second major cause of fatal injuries (after suicide) and of hospitalised injuries (after falls by older people).
Alcohol and injury
Alcohol is one of the most important risk factors for injury. The link between alcohol consumption and injury risk has been well established in several settings, notably in road injury.
The harmful use of alcohol and drugs by Australians is a priority policy area for the Commonwealth government.
Suicide & intentional self-harm
Suicide and intentional self-harm are significant public health problems in Australia. Since the mid-1980s, over 2,000 Australians have died by suicide each year, with counts peaking at over 2,600 in 1997 and 1998.
More deaths occur due to suicide in Australia than road deaths. Non-fatal intentional self-harm is much more numerous.
Classifications & terminologies
Injury surveillance and much injury research depend on classifications, the most widely used being the WHO International Classification of Diseases (ICD).
We are greatly involved in revising and developing injury classifications. Our expertise in this is nationally unique, and receives high international recognition. Since 2007 we have been an active participant in the development of the injury and external causes chapters of the ICD-11.
Most statistical reports of work-related injury have been based on Workers' Compensation and coroner data. Less use has been made of another source: data on cases admitted to hospital.
While most cases of work-related injury do not result in a hospital admission, those that do include severe cases. This data provides a valuable alternative insight into the types and causes of work-related injury, that is provided by other sources.
Data linkage, injury severity & other methodological developments
We are actively engaged in developing the methods on which injury surveillance and research depend. Prominent themes in this work inclue developing:
- data linkage capabilities for injury research
- methods for measuring injury severity using administrative data
- techniques for routine reporting of injury outcomes.